Walter Hoye

Charlotte Dupuy

In Abortion, Special Edition on December 2, 2013 at 12:00 am
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Without Life, Nothing Matters.

Freedom Suit Series

“Anyone who kidnaps someone and either sells him as a slave or still has him when he is caught must be put to death.” — Exodus 21:16, New Century Version (NCV) 

Freedom suits are legal petitions filed by slaves for freedom. Between America’s colonial period and the American Civil War, a number of civil actions were brought to courts of law by STRONG BLACK WOMEN that challenged both the moral maxim and the legal legitimacy of JUST-SUBJECTION 1 and WRONGFUL-ENSLAVEMENT 2 in America. This series of columns will explore those lawsuits and expose lessons that can be engaged by the Body of Christ and the Pro-Life movement today, in the wake of the 1973 United States Supreme Court (USSC) decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton.

White Space Holder

Bill of Sale for Charlotte Dupuy from James Condon to Henry Clay

Bill of Sale for Charlotte Dupuy from James Condon to Secretary of State Henry Clay.3

Bill of Sale from James Condon
May 12, 1806

I have this day bargained sold and delivered, and by these presents do bargain sell and deliver, to Henry Clay, for and in consideration of four hundred & fifty dollars, a negro female slave named Charlotte, aged about nineteen, which said slave I warrant & defend to said Clay against the claim of all & every person whatsoever; and I likewise warrant her to be sound.

Witness my hand & seal this 12th May 1806
(signed) Jas. Condon {L.S}
Isaac Wells

Bill of Sale for Charlotte Dupuy from James Condon to Henry Clay

Charlotte Dupuy’s petition to summon Secretary of State Henry Clay to court.4

To the Honbl Judges of the circuit court of the District of Columbia for the county of Washington.

The several petitions of Charlotte or Lotty Charles and Mary Ann respectfully and humbly sets forth to your honors that they are people of color who are entitled to their freedom and who are now held in a state of slavery by one Henry Clay (Secty of State) contrary to law and your petitioners just rights and that they are about to be taken out of this district and carried into the state of Kentucky, there to be held as slaves for life whereupon they severally pray your honors to grant them such releif [sic] as they may be lawfully entitled to and such process of your honorable court against the said Henry Clay as is usual in such cases to compel the attendance of the said Henry Clay in your honbl court to answer this petition and to enter the usual security and recognizance not to remove your petitioners or any of them beyond the jurisdiction of your honorable court and as in duty bound they will ever pray

Robt Beale pro
[opposite side lists filing date as: “13th Feb 1829”]

Henry Clay's letter to his agent in Washington, Philip Fendall regarding Charlotte Dupuy

Former Secretary of State Henry Clay’s letter regarding Charlotte Dupuy’s bid for freedom.5

This only represents a portion of this four-page handwritten letter.

To Philip R. Fendall
Lexington, September 10, 1830

I received you favor of the 31t. Ulto. I approve entirely of your order to the Marshall to imprison Lotty. Her husband and children are here. Her refusal therefore to return home, when requested by me to do so through you, was unnatural towards them as it was disobedient to me. She has been her own mistress, upwards of 18 months, since I left her at Washington, in consequence of the groundless writ which she prompted against me for her freedom; and as that writ has been decided against her, and as her conduct has created insubordination among her relatives here, I think it high time to put a stop to it, which can be best done by her return to her duty. How shall I now get her, is the question? There are persons frequently bringing slaves from the district to this State, some one of whom might perhaps undertake to conduct her to Maysville, Louisville or Lexington, or some other point from which I could receive her. Or perhaps some opportunity might occur to send her from Alexandria [Va.] to N. Orleans, free from much expense, to my son in law Martin Duralde Esqr. I should be content to receive her in either way. But I cannot think of troubling you unnecessarily with this affair. Perhaps Mr. John Davis (if you would have the goodness to speak to him) would undertake to look out for some person coming in this quarter who would engage to bring her. In the mean time, be pleased to let her remain in jail and inform me what is necessary for me to do to meet the charges …

Secretary Of State Henry Clay, Sr.

“I had rather be right than be President.” — Henry Clay, Sr. 6

“An oppressed people are authorized whenever they can to rise and break their fetters.” — Henry Clay, Sr. 7

Henry Clay: The Essential AmericanHenry Clay, Sr. (April 12, 1777 - June 29, 1852) was a very skilled orator and politician that represented Kentucky in the House of Representatives and in the Senate. He also served three (3) different terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives.8 It is note worthy to mention that Clay was chosen Speaker of the House on the first day of his first session, something never done before or since.9 Clay was a major player in America’s early history favoring the War of 1812.10 Henry Clay’s fame as the “Great Pacificator” grew as he brokered the key concessions on the slavery issue during the Nullification crisis, the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Missouri Compromise of 1850.11 Many viewed Clay as the champion of Western interests which earned him the names “Henry of the West” and “The Western Star.” 12 In congressional circles, Henry Clay was also known as the leader of the “Great Triumvirate” or “Immortal Trio,” along with his colleagues Daniel Webster and John C. Calhoun.13 In 1824 Clay ran for and lost his bid for the Presidency of the United States.14 When it was clear he had lost the race, Clay threw his electoral votes behind John Quincy Adams, who went on to become the 6th President of the United States of America and in turn made him Secretary of State in 1825.15 In the halls of congress, this move became widely known as: “The Corrupt Bargain.” 16 Henry Clay And Wife Lucretia Hart-ClayAccording to historians David and Jeanne Heidler, Henry Clay’s personal life was exemplary.17 He was a faithful husband and doting father of eleven children.18 The record is also clear that Clay “found slavery morally troubling and ultimately regarded it as incompatible with American ideals of liberty.” 19 According to Abraham Lincoln, then the Whig leader in Illinois, Henry Clay was his “ideal of a great man.” 20 According to a 1957 Senate Committee, Henry Clay was one (1) of the five (5) greatest United States Senators, along with Daniel Webster, John C. Calhoun, Robert La Follette, and Robert Taft in our country’s history.21 Nevertheless, Henry Clay was a slave owner. His father “Sir John” Clay was a Baptist Minister and member of the elite Planter Class (men who owned twenty (20) or more slaves) in Virginia.22 In 1718, just four (4) years after Henry’s birth, “Sir John” Clay died and left his son Henry Clay, eighteen (18) slaves and four hundred and sixty-four (464) acres of land.23 Henry Clay owned slaves and supported his family from the proceeds of slave labor his entire life. In 1829, when Clay was Secretary of State, he was sued by his slave Charlotte Dupuy for her freedom.24 Ultimately, the jury ruled against Dupuy. Henry Clay then had his agent in Washington (Philip R. Fendall above 25), arrest and imprison Charlotte while he made arrangements for her to be a domestic slave for his daughter and son-in-law Martin Duralde.26 This case preceded the Dred Scott case by seventeen (17) years and as anyone can imagine, received much attention in the public square. To his credit, what Henry Clay was unwilling to do in his life time, he did do in his death. When he died, Clay freed his slaves via his Will.27

Open Letter To The Church

LESSON: Our Walk Must Match Our Talk.

A Lesson We Can Learn From The Case Of Charlotte Dupuy

“Walk in wisdom toward them that are without [ wisdom ], redeeming the time.” — Colossians 4:5

“The hardest thing for a human being to do is to admit he [ or she ] is wrong.” — Herbert W. Armstrong, Worldwide Church of God 28

Sign: You Can't Compromise On PrinciplesHave you ever wondered why the world doesn’t hear or heed what Christians have to say? In my humble opinion, it’s because our walk doesn’t match our talk. Over the years, Christians have worked hard earning the reputation of being uncaring, undependable and lacking in character. We are viewed as hypocrites. We’re the people who don’t mind conferring advice, while at the same time, living everyday contrary to it. When the heat is on, or when our “well-being” or “welfare” is at stake, we’ll rationalize and justify our behavior while finding fault with the same behavior in others. Brothers, there is no way we can expect to be Ambassadors for Christ with lives that communicate: “Do as I say, not as I do.” While Henry Clay was an honorable man, dedicated to the Christian ideals of family and marriage between one (1) man and one (1) woman, a skilled orator and legendary politician committed to the American ideals of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, there was no way he could be successful convincing slave owners to free their slaves while owning, arresting, imprisoning and financially benefiting from slaves himself. Our walk has to match our talk, because the reality is that “actions speak louder than words.” What Henry Clay “did” with his slaves in his life, spoke so much louder than what he “did” with his slaves in his death. As such, what Henry Clay “said” about the evils of slavery or even about the blessings of liberty itself in the North, was drowned out by his slave owning life style in the South. So much so was Clay’s professional life compromised by his personal life, that in the end the political and financial realities of his time were able to force him to abandon his fight to end slavery in Kentucky.

Jeannie W. French, Founder Of The National Women's Coalition For Life QuoteAs I think about Henry Clay and the Pro-Life movement, Proverbs 29:18a comes to mind (“Where there is no vision, the people perish“) and I wonder … Could it be true, that without a visible model, that’s both tangible and objective, people will ignore logic and even physical evidence that contradicts their lifestyle? Could it be true, that without a working model, people are more than reluctant to embrace change? Could it be true, that because qualities such as kindness, faithfulness, honesty, integrity, trustworthiness, loyalty, honor, dependability and even good old-fashioned manners are character traits that so few Christians exhibit there is a credibility gap between society and the Church? Hmmmmmm … Could it be true, that the glaring inconsistencies between our message and our lifestyle is responsible for our lack of power in the public square? Could it be true, that because we don’t live what we learn in His Word that no one cares what we say? Could it be true, that all of our Divinely inspired gifts and Holy Ghost powered anointing won’t make up for our lack of Christian character? Could it be true, that the world has become so disillusioned with the Pro-Life movement, that Pro-Abortion forces look more Christ-Like than we do? If Christian character is the sum of moral qualities associated with a person, I wonder, could it be true, that Christian character is more about doing what’s right when it’s hard, than it is about doing what’s right when it’s easy? I wonder, could it really be true, that until our walk matches our talk, neither the Church nor the Pro-Life movement will see an end to abortion?

Yeah, I think it could.

Brothers, we need to talk.


 In my very, very strong opinion, THE BIBLE DOES NOT JUSTIFY SLAVERY. If pastors (christian leaders) of the South taught their congregants to obey the Mosaic laws that criminalized kidnapping human beings, the harsh treatment of servants, the return of runaway servants and without preferring the rich over the poor or men over women, held everyone accountable for their own actions in the public square, slavery would not have existed.


Deuteronomy 24:7 says: “If someone kidnaps a fellow Israelite, either to make him a slave or sell him, the kidnapper must be killed. You must get rid of the evil among you.”

Harsh Treatment

Exodus 21:26,27 says: “If a man hits his male or female slave in the eye, and the eye is blinded, the man is to free the slave to pay for the eye. If a master knocks out a tooth of his male or female slave, the man is to free the slave to pay for the tooth.”

Runaway Servants

Deuteronomy 23:15-16 say: “If an escaped slave comes to you, do not hand over the slave to his master. Let the slave live with you anywhere he likes, in any town he chooses. Do not mistreat him.”

The New Testament speaks equally as strong against the kidnapping of human beings (which is the basis of slavery) as the Old Testament. Please read the Apostle Paul’s warning against false teaching in 1st Timothy 1:8-10 (NCV): “But we know that the law is good if someone uses it lawfully. We also know that the law is not made for good people but for those who are against the law and for those who refuse to follow it. It is for people who are against God and are sinful, who are unholy and ungodly, who kill their fathers and mothers, who murder, who take part in sexual sins, who have sexual relations with people of the same sex, WHO SELL SLAVES, who tell lies, who speak falsely, and who do anything against the true teaching of God.

“Perhaps the most compelling argument AGAINST SLAVERY in the New Testament is Paul’s letter to Philemon, in which the Apostle asks Onesimus (a fellow Christian) to free his Christian slave.


01. A paradox noted by Edlie Wong in her book “Neither Fugitive Nor Free” (2009), slave states had statutes that provided for slaves to sue for “wrongful enslavement”, based on slave laws that established “just subjection”, page 5 and 153 (
02. Ibid.
03. The White House Historical Association “The Half Had Not Been Told Me”, African Americans in Lafayette Square, 1795-1965, Charlotte Dupuy, “She has been her own mistress” (
04. Ibid.
05. Ibid.
06. The Independent, Volume 65 (
07. Rudy Reyes, Hero Living: Seven Strides to Awaken Your Infinite Power (
08. Henry Clay, Sr., Wikipedia (
09. Ibid.
10. Ibid.
11. Ibid.
12. Clement Eaton, Henry Clay and the Art of American Politics. Boston, MA: Little, Brown and Company, page 21 (
13. Merrill D. Peterson, The Great Triumvirate: Webster, Clay, and Calhoun, page 5 (
14. Henry Clay, Sr., Wikipedia (
15. Ibid.
16. Ibid.
17. David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler, Henry Clay: The Essential American (
18. Henry Clay, Sr., Wikipedia (
19. David S. Heidler and Jeanne T. Heidler, “Why Henry Clay?” Wiki (
20. Henry Clay, Sr., Wikipedia (
21. Ibid.
22. Ibid.
23. Ibid.
24. Charlotte Dupuy, Wikipedia (
25. The White House Historical Association “The Half Had Not Been Told Me”, African Americans in Lafayette Square, 1795-1965, Letter written written by Henry Clay to his agent in Washington, Philip Fendall, regarding Charlotte Dupuy’s bid for freedom. (
26. Charlotte Dupuy, Wikipedia (
27. Henry Clay, Sr., Wikipedia (
28. Herbert W. Armstrong, “SIN” Sermon ( and YouTube of Sermon starting at 53:50 (

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