Walter Hoye

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UnExpected Outcomes (7)

In Abortion, Politics on April 30, 2012 at 12:00 am
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UnExpected Outcomes (7)

The Conclusion of the American Civil War

Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox (1865)

“Then he (Grant) looked toward Lee, and his eyes seemed to be resting on the handsome sword that hung at that officer’s side. He said afterward that this set him to thinking that it would be an unnecessary humiliation to require officers to surrender their swords, and a great hardship to deprive them of their personal baggage and horses, and after a short pause he wrote the sentence: ‘This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage.'” — Surrender at Appomattox, 1865, EyeWitness to History (1997). 1


General R. E. Lee,
Commanding C.S.A.
APPOMATTOX Ct H., Va.,
April 9th, 1865

General; In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst., I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on the following terms, to wit: Rolls of all officers and men to be made in duplicate, one copy to be given to an officer to be designated by me, the other to be retained by such officer or officers as you may designate. The officers to give their individual paroles not to take up arms against the Government of the United States until properly [exchanged], and each company or regimental commander to sign a like parole for the men of their commands. The arms, artillery, and public property to be parked, and stacked, and turned over to the officers appointed by me to receive them. This will not embrace the side-arms of the officers, nor their private horses or baggage. This done, each officer and man will be allowed to return to his home, not to be disturbed by the United States authorities so long as they observe their paroles, and the laws in force where they may reside.

Very respectfully,

U. S. Grant Signature
U.S. Grant,
Lieutenant-General 2

Head-Quarters, Army of Northern Virginia,
April 9th, 1865

I received your letter of this date containing the terms of the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia as proposed by you. As they are substantially the same as those expressed in your letter of the 8th inst., they are accepted. I will proceed to designate the proper officers to carry the stipulations into effect.


U. S. Grant Signature
R. E. Lee, General 3


 

It Took Seven (7) Months To Complete The Surrender Of The South

“There is nothing left for me to do but to see Grant, and I would rather die a thousand deaths.” — Confederate General Robert E. Lee, “General Lee — Jefferson Davis,” from the Maddox Family, Southern Maddox’s. 4


Appomattox Courthouse surrounded by Union soldiers on April 9th, 1865After the fall of Richmond, Virginia and desperate to reach Lynchburg, Virginia, some 27,000 Confederate soldiers, wounded, entirely surrounded and facing starvation, tried to escape the Union’s blockade and failed. On Sunday, April 9th, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse. According to the historical record, General Lee’s surrender was only the beginning of the end for the American Civil War.


The American Civil War Surrender Timeline

  1. Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia (April 9th, 1865)

  2. Surrender of Gen. St. John Richardson Liddell’s troops (April 9th, 1865)

  3. Assassination of United States President Abraham Lincoln (April 14th, 1865)

  4. Union Capture of Columbus, Georgia (Easter Sunday, April 16th, 1865)

  5. Disbanding of Mosby’s Raiders (April 21st, 1865)

  6. Surrender of Gen. Joseph E. Johnston and his various armies (April 26th, 1865)

  7. Surrender of the Confederate departments of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana regiments (May 4th, 1865)

  8. Surrender of the Confederate District of the Gulf (May 5th, 1865)

  9. Capture of Confederate President Jefferson Finis Davis (May 10th, 1865)

  10. Surrender of the Confederate Department of Florida and South Georgia (May 10th, 1865)

  11. Surrender of Thompson’s Brigade (May 11th, 1865)

  12. Surrender of Confederate forces of North Georgia (May 12th, 1865)

  13. Disbandment after the Battle at Palmito Ranch (May 13th, 1865)

  14. Surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith (May 26th, 1865)

  15. Surrender of Cherokee Chief Stand Watie (June 23rd, 1865)

  16. Surrender of CSS Shenandoah (November 6th, 1865)


On Monday, August 20th, 1866, ninety (90) years before I was born to the very day, President Andrew Johnson, the 17th President of the United States (1865-1869), formally declared the end of the American Civil War. 5 Finally, after five (5) bloody years and over 600,000 deaths, the American Civil war was over. 6

Capturing the Confederate President Did Not End The War

My own convictions as to negro slavery are strong. It has its evils and abuses…We recognize the negro as God and God’s Book and God’s Laws, in nature, tell us to recognize him — our inferior, fitted expressly for servitude … You cannot transform the negro into anything one-tenth as useful or as good as what slavery enables them to be.” — Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (Monday, February 18th, 1861 — Thursday, May 11th, 1865), Vice President Alexander Stephens, Preceded By: Office instituted, Succeeded By: Office abolished 7


Jefferson Davis at home c. 1885The capture of Confederate States of America’s President, Jefferson Davis did not end the war. Within days after the capture of President Davis, the surrender of Confederate Department of Florida and South Georgia, Thompson’s Brigade, the Confederate forces of North Georgia, the disbandment after the Battle at Palmito Ranch and the Trans-Mississippi Department needed to and did take place. In the case of Cherokee Chief Stand Watie and the CSS Shenandoah, months passed and fighting continued before word of the war’s end reached them. It was not until Thursday, August 2nd, 1865 that Captain Waddell of the CSS Shenandoah learned from the British Barracouta of the surrender of Confederate Generals Joseph E. Johnston and Kirby Smith, the capture of President Jefferson Davis and understood the Civil War had indeed ended. 8 Even after the surrender of the CSS Shanendoah on Monday, November 6th, 1865 in Liverpool, the war raged on in the hearts and minds of the people. Even now it is difficult to know if the North and the South ever forgave one another. 9

“With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.” — President Abraham Lincoln, the conclusion of Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address Saturday, March 4th, 1865 10

It’s Not Over Until We Bind Up The Nation’s Wounds

“Our deficits are driven not just by over-spending, but because our whole society is sick and in decline. Until we begin curing some of these social issues, fiscal solutions alone cannot save us.” — Dennis Howard 11


In light of America’s moral collapse, I am staggered at the time, talent and treasure invested in the efforts of both the Democrats and the Republicans to maintain or regain the White House. Does it matter who is the President of the United States of America? Yes. The significance of this election brings the 1860 Presidential election to my mind. Is the cost of quality healthcare too high to be accessible to all Americans? Yes. Is taxpayer funded abortion on demand healthcare? No. Is the national debt too high and the efforts to balance the budget too low? Yes. Is the lack of conservative fiscal policies the underlying root cause of our problems? No.

Dennis Howard, president of the Movement for a Better America puts it this way.

“Fifty-five (55) million abortions have cost us at least $45 trillion in lost GDP, shrinking the economy by sharply reducing demand and by cutting the human resources every economy needs to grow. That’s also a 30% hit on the under-45 generation. When you ask whatever happened to the youth market, that’s it. Add in the cost of all the other social issues — high divorce rates, single parent homes, children born out of wedlock, 1.6 million people in state and federal prisons, epidemics of drug addiction and STDs, high drop out rates from school, plus the decline in the American work ethic — and you have the real drivers of our economic decline. It’s time the economic conservatives realized that they are not going to fix the problem simply by cutting taxes and spending. Our deficits are driven not just by over-spending, but because our whole society is sick and in decline. Until we begin curing some of these social issues, fiscal solutions alone cannot save us.” — Dennis Howard 12

In my opinion, a root cause analysis (RCA) of our decline as a country blessed by God will reveal our departure from biblically based precepts. If “righteousness exalts a nation” and if “sin is a disgrace to any people” (Proverbs 14:3413 then for America to survive she must follow the biblical blueprint and build a moral foundation “precept upon precept” and even then “line upon line” (Isaiah 28:10). 14 Because there is such a thing as too late (Jeremiah 13:16). 15 Because life matters (John 10:10) and only works well one way (John 14:6). 16 Because our God is a just God (Isaiah 45:21). 17 It’s past time we stop pursuing personal agendas, recognize that our amoral praetorian policies are at the heart of our problems and work boldly as the “Body of Christ” to “bind up the nation’s wounds.”

This assignment does not start in the White House.

It starts in our house.

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
01. “Surrender at Appomattox, 1865,” EyeWitness to History (1997) (http://bit.ly/c0TfzB).
02. U.S. Grant, “The American Conflict: A history of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America (1860-1865). It’s causes, incidents, and moral and political phases, with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting Human Slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union.” by Horace Greeley (http://bit.ly/JTEHoj).
03. Ibid.
04. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, from the Maddox Family, Southern Maddox’s. The Maddox family descends from Wales and many thousands living in the United States can trace their roots to the earliest colonial times — to Maryland and Virginia in the seventeenth century. (http://bit.ly/HYzm1b).
05. Presidential proclamation ending the war, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/HXAk1g).
06. Burke Davis, “The Civil War, Strange and Fascinating Facts” (http://bit.ly/4EbpLO).
07. Kenneth C. Davis, Don’t Know Much About the Civil War: Everything You Need to Know About America’s Greatest Conflict But Never Learned (New York: Avon Books, 1996), p. 156. After 1856, Jefferson Davis reiterated in most of his public speeches that he was “tired” of apologies for “our institution.” “African slavery, as it exists in the United States, is a moral, a social, and a political blessing.” (http://bit.ly/J7b5s9).
08. The Surrender of CSS Shenandoah, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/IgVAMs).
09. Post-Civil War Conditions, United States History, “The South harbored deep feelings of hatred toward the North, but lacked an effective forum for venting those feelings. Tensions were heightened by the actions of the ‘scalawags and carpetbaggers.” Efforts to regulate relationships between the newly freed slaves and their former masters were made in the black codes.” (http://bit.ly/8Q267o). See also Scalawags and Carpetbaggers, United States History (http://bit.ly/cSyFmu).
10. Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address; endorsed by Lincoln, April10, 1865, March 4, 1865; Series 3, General Correspondence, 1837-1897; The Abraham Lincoln Papers at the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division (Washington, DC: American Memory Project, [2000-02]), (http://1.usa.gov/hkm1No).
11. Dennis M. Howard, Founder and President of The Movement for a Better America, Inc., “Where do we go from here?“, New Life, April 2012, Volume 1, No.2 (http://bit.ly/I2P5KQ).
12. Ibid.
13. Proverbs 14:34 Bible.cc provides a parallel, verse by verse view of 8 translations (http://bit.ly/36CvK).
14. Isaiah 28:10 Bible.cc provides a parallel, verse by verse view of 8 translations (http://bit.ly/I1wUqI).
15. Jeremiah 13:16 Bible.cc provides a parallel, verse by verse view of 8 translations (http://bit.ly/IflEIu).
16. John 14:6 Bible.cc provides a parallel, verse by verse view of 8 translations (http://bit.ly/yk2Fo).
17. Isaiah 45:21 Bible.cc provides a parallel, verse by verse view of 8 translations (http://bit.ly/I2noXI).

UnExpected Outcomes (6)

In Abortion, Politics on April 23, 2012 at 12:00 am
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UnExpected Outcomes (6)

Using Black American Slaves (19th Century)

The South Waited Too Late To Use Black American Slaves

“So far from engaging in a war to perpetuate slavery, I am rejoiced that Slavery is abolished. I believe it will be greatly for the interest of the South. So fully am I satisfied of this that I would have cheerfully lost all that I have lost by the war, and have suffered all that I have suffered to have this object attained.” — Robert Edward Lee, on Sunday, May 1st, 1870, just five (5) months before his death. 1

“It is the enemy’s avowed policy to convert the able-bodied men among them into soldiers, and to emancipate all. His progress will destroy slavery in a manner most pernicious to the welfare of our people … Whatever may be the effect of our employing Negro troops, it cannot be as mischievous as this. I think, therefore, we must decide whether slavery shall be extinguished by our enemies and the slaves used against us, or use them ourselves at the risk of the effects which may be produced upon our social institutions … The best means of securing the efficiency and fidelity of this auxiliary force would be to accompany the measure with a well digested plan of gradual and general emancipation. As that will be the result of the continuance of this war, and will certainly occur if the enemy succeeds, it seems to be most advisable to adopt at once. Every day’s delay increases the difficulty.” — Robert Edward Lee, on Wednesday, January 11th, 1865 (United States War Department, 1012-1013) 2


Still, despite impending defeat, the South could not find a way to convince her slave owners to forsake their investment in an economy based on slavery to rebuild the Confederate army. Apparently, where your treasure is, there will your antebellum lifestyle be also. As such, on Monday, March 27th, 1865, General Robert E. Lee directed his assistant adjutant general and military secretary, Colonel Charles Marshall to write the following to his Lieutenant General Richard Stoddert Ewell …

“[General Robert E. Lee] much regrets the unwillingness of owners to permit their slaves to enter the service. If the state authorities can do nothing to get those Negroes who are willing to join the army, but whose masters refuse their consent, there is no authority to do it at all. What benefit they expect their Negroes to be to them, if the enemy occupies the country, it is impossible to say. He hopes you will endeavor to get the assistance of citizens who favor the measure, and bring every influence you can to bear. When a Negro is willing, and his master objects, there would be less objection to compulsion, if the state has the authority. It is however, of primary importance that the Negroes should know that the service is voluntary on their part. As to the name of the troops, the general thinks you cannot do better than consult the men themselves. His only objection to calling them colored troops was that the enemy had selected that designation for theirs. But this has no weight against the choice of the troops and he recommended that they be called colored or if they prefer, they can be called simply Confederate troops or volunteers. Everything should be done to impress them with the responsibility and character of their position and while of course due respect and subordination should be exacted, they should be so treated as to feel that their obligations are those of any other soldier and their rights and privileges dependent in law & order as obligations upon others as upon theirselves. Harshness and contemptuous or offensive language or conduct to them must be forbidden and they should be made to forget as soon as possible that they were regarded as menials. You will readily understand however how to conciliate their good will & elevate the tone and character of the men.” — Colonel Charles Marshall, (reprinted in Civil War Times, February 1998) 3

There Is Such A Thing As Too Little, Too Late

In February 1865, Union General Ulysses S. Grant ordered “… the capture of all Negro men before the enemy can put them in their ranks.” — Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822-July 23, 1885) was also the 18th President of the United States (1869 – 1877) 4


Ulysses S. Grant, Union General.Like the South, the North wrestled with admitting colored soldiers into the army all throughout the war, but by 1863 the first regiment of the United States Colored Troops (USCT) was a reality and constituted about one-tenth (1/10) of the Union army. 5 South of the Mason-Dixon Line, it took facing certain defeat before a decision was made on Sunday, March 13th, 1864 to admit colored soldiers into the Confederate army 6 and even though by then it was too late, Union General Ulysses S. Grant could not rest in the Union’s certain victory. In February of 1865, in the face of reports that the South was rebuilding her army with slaves from their plantations, Grant ordered “the capture of all Negro men before the enemy can put them in their ranks.” 7 This order moved Frederick Douglass to advise United States President Abraham Lincoln to guarantee the slaves freedom and land grants or “they would take up arms for the rebels.” 8 Using Black Americans not only gave the North a clear and crushing advantage in manpower, it also gave the North the inestimable and irreplaceable gift of creditability with the slaves in the South. However, had the South overcome her profane and poisonous propensity for slave labor, she would have amassed an army much larger than the North. Using Black American slaves sooner rather than later, would have given the Confederate army a “game changing” advantage of at least 300,000 trained and armed Confederate States Colored Troops (CSCT) that would have rewritten history with the South winning the Civil War. 9 Her defeat was a classic case of “too little, too late.”

Whether you’re fighting for the North or you’re fighting for the South, making room at the table for Black Americans and the sure strategies that reach our people and impact our communities, OR NOT, spells certain victory OR certain defeat.

Using Black Americans (21st Century)

The Republicans Waited Too Late To Use Black Americans

President Obama believes that America is strongest when everybody has a seat at the table. He’s expanded opportunity for every American by taking steps to level the playing field so everybody plays by the same rules.” — Obama for America. All Rights Reserved (2011-2012), “The President’s Record on Equal Rights” (Paid For By Obama For America10


I've Got His BackIn 1929, James H. Hubert, a Black social worker and Executive Secretary of the New York Urban League, asked Margaret Sanger to open a Birth Control Clinic in Harlem. 11 While Sanger believed that lighter-skinned races were superior to darker-skinned races and publicly promoted eugenics, once the clinic was funded by the Julius Rosenwald Fund in 1930 it was staffed with Black American doctors, nurses, clergy, journalists, social workers and received the approval of W. E. B. Du Bois, founder of the NAACP. 12 In 1939, Margaret Sanger started the Negro Project with the help of Black American leaders such as Mary McLeod Bethune, W. E. B. DuBois, and Reverend Adam Clayton Powell, Jr13 In 1960, during the presidential campaign, the Democratic Party’s presidential nominee John First Lady Michelle ObamaFitzgerald Kennedy interceded for King who was convicted and in jail for a probation violation after participating in the Wednesday, October 19th, 1960 sit-in at the Magnolia Room restaurant at Rich’s Department Store in Atlanta, when sitting Republican President Dwight David Eisenhower and Republican Party presidential nominee Richard Milhous Nixon would not. 14 In 1966, on the 50th anniversary of Planned Parenthood’s founding, Martin Luther King, Jr. was awarded the Margaret Sanger award for his efforts promoting human rights. 15 In 2008, the Democratic Party nominated and backed Illinois Senator Barack Hussein Obama II as their presidential candidate and won the general election in November becoming the first political party to embrace a Black American as President of the United States of America. 16 On April 4th, 2011 (the 43rd anniversary of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.), President Barack Hussein Obama II and the Democratic Party announced his re-election campaign for 2012 in a video titled “It Begins with Us.” 17 Today, the Democratic Party standing firmly in support of the first Black American to occupy the oval office, banks on the inestimable and irreplaceable gift of creditability as the dividend for time wisely invested in Black America.

There Is Such A Thing As Too Little, Too Late

20% of African Americans do not have health insurance. But in 2014, as many as seven (7) million African Americans are expected to gain coverage because of the Affordable Care Act.” — Obama for America. All Rights Reserved (2011-2012), “Better Health For African Americans” (Paid For By Obama For America18


Black American's for ChangeIn the course of seventy-nine (79) years, the current life expectancy of a single individual living today, 19 the Democratic Party has overcome a hundred and ninety-two (192) year history of blatant racism 20· and captured the heart of Black America. It appears that while the North was resting on their laurels, the South was learning a lesson and becoming stronger. It appears that while the South was investing in the lives of Black America, the North was busy divesting herself of all Black American assets. It appears that while the North was pursuing power, the South was pursuing people and by the power of perception recaptured the high ground of voter preference and perhaps certain victory. It appears that while the South was leaning on the language of choice, rights, justice, equality and healthcare for all, the North was pre-occupied in the pursuit of polls, political-equity and personal agendas in order to fulfill the financial futures of a few.

Today, as I ponder the future of our country in light of federal bench appointments, the gravity of this year’s presidential election and the voting proclivities of communities of color, I wonder if the North realizes that there is such a thing as “too little, too late.” If not. If this is a lesson that’s beyond the scope of her comprehension or a lesson that can only be learned South of the Mason-Dixon Line, then perhaps the South has won the war after all.

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
01. Confederate General Robert E. Lee,, “The Civil War,” by Scholastic, Aaron Rosenberg, p. 130 (http://bit.ly/JaFuoq). “Lee’s Thoughts On Slavery,” “People often assume that Lee was pro-slavery because he commanded the confederate forces. In fact, he did not feel that way at all. As he stated on Monday, May 1st, 1870, a few short months before his death.”
02. Jonathan Sutherland, “African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1” (http://bit.ly/HztrQo).
03. Ibid.
04. Ibid.
05. United States Colored Troops, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/HUqnBX).
06. “Confederate Law Authorizing the Enlistment of Black Soldiers, as Promulgated in a Military Order” (http://bit.ly/HowhVI).
07. Scott K. Williams, “Black Confederates In The Civil War” (http://bit.ly/9vmVjl).
08. Jonathan Sutherland, “African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1” (http://bit.ly/HztrQo).
09. “Confederate Law Authorizing the Enlistment of Black Soldiers, as Promulgated in a Military Order” (http://bit.ly/HowhVI).
10. “The President’s Record on Equal Rights,” Obama for America. All Rights Reserved, 2011-2012 (http://bit.ly/HR3Jod).
11. Hajo, Cathy Moran (2010). Birth Control on Main Street: Organizing Clinics in the United States, 1916-1939, University of Illinois Press, p. 85. (http://bit.ly/ImpXjO).
12. Margaret Sanger (Race), Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/wZPs3E).
13. The Margaret Sanger Papers “Birth Control or Race Control? Sanger and the Negro Project,” #28, Fall 2001 (http://bit.ly/O9DK4). The Margaret Sanger Papers Project is a historical editing project sponsored by the Department of History at New York University.
14. The Martin Luther King, Jr., Research and Education Institute, “Kennedy, John Fitzgerald (1917-1963)” (http://bit.ly/J496Uo) from the achievements of Stanford University’s Martin Luther King, Jr., Papers Project.
15. Margaret Sanger Award Recipients 1966-2009, “Planned Parenthood Federation of America Margaret Sanger Award Winners” (http://bit.ly/eSd4oM).
16. Democratic Party Presidential Candidates (2008), Party Nominee, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/HNTJf4).
17. “It Begins With Us,” Barack Obama 2012 Campaign Video Launch (http://bit.ly/fyaLKy).
18. “Better Health For African Americans,” Obama for America. All Rights Reserved, 2011-2012 (http://bit.ly/zTDBUz).
19. Life Expectancy At Birth, Total (Years), “Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life.” The World Bank Group (http://bit.ly/9wHr3B).
20. Debates and Proceeding in the Congress of the United States, pp. 2555-2559, 16th Congress, 1st Session, “An act to authorize the people of Missouri Territory to form a constitution and state government,” approved March 6th, 1820. See also The National Conventions and Platforms of All Political Parties, 1789-1905 (New York: Burt Franklin, 1971), pp. 18-20; Office of he Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives online, “Party Divisions” (http://bit.ly/eeTKS6); CNN AllPolitics.com, “Democratic Party History” (http://bit.ly/I2Vysb).

Note(s):
· The 1789 law prohibited slavery in all federal territories. However, by 1820 the Democratic Congress passed the Missouri Compromise and reversed the 1789 law and permitted slavery in about half the country at that time.

UnExpected Outcomes (5)

In Abortion, Politics on April 16, 2012 at 12:00 am
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UnExpected Outcomes (5)

“It’s Not About Slavery” (19th Century)

This war must go on till the last of this generation falls in his tracks, and his children seize his musket and fight our battle, unless you acknowledge our right to self-government. We are not fighting for slavery; we are fighting for independence, and that or extermination we will have.” — Jefferson Finis “Jeff” Davis President of the Confederate States of America 1

Did Black American Slaves Fight For The Confederacy?

“The free colored population love their home, their property, their own slaves and recognize no other country than Louisiana, and are ready to shed their blood for her defense. They have no sympathy for Abolitionism; no love for the North, but they have plenty for Louisiana. They will fight for her in 1861 as they fought in 1814-15.” — A letter written to the New Orleans’ Daily Delta (December 1860) referencing Black American participation in the Louisiana Campaign of December 13th, 1814 2,3


Yes, Black American Slaves served as Confederate soldiers! Here’s the story.

John Terrill, a slave from Williamson County, served as an escort on staff of Confederate Brigadier General James Ronald Chalmers in the Civil War.In January of 1864, with the defeat of the South all but certain and since the Confederacy was “not fighting for slavery,” Confederate Major General Patrick R. Cleburne, proposed using Slaves as confederate soldiers. In return for their loyal service to the noble ideals of the Confederacy, the Slaves would be offered their freedom if they fought and survived. 4 This proposal was met with abject abhorrence and Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America quickly rejected it and wrote clearly that he thought it was:

Confederate President Jefferson Davis“… injurious of the public service that such subject should be mooted or even known to entertain by persons possessed of confidence and respect of the people. If it be kept out of the public journal its ill effect will be much lessened.” 5

However, the Confederate Army suffered massive defeats in the spring and summer of 1864 and with her manpower and morale depleted by the winter of 1864-1865, President Davis was forced to change his mind. William Smith, Governor of Virginia, said:

Governor William 'Bill' Smith of Virginia“With two hundred thousand Negro soldiers already in the Union Army, can we hesitate, can we doubt, when the question is, whether the enemy shall use our Slaves against us or we use them against him; when the question may be between liberty and independence on one hand or our own subjugation and utter ruin on the other.” 6

Apparently Governor Smith did not like the idea of his faith-filled and freedom loving Antebellum South lacking liberty, independence or being subject to subjugation. Still, the debate over using Black American Slaves as soldiers in the Confederate Army raged on in the Confederate Congress in 1865.

Confederate Senator Robert HunterRobert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, the very powerful Confederate Senator from Virginia and caustic critic of Confederate President Jefferson Davis feared, such legislation would trigger Slaves running away in mass to join the Union Army said: “Negroes now are deterred from going to the enemy only by the fear of being put in the army. If we put them in they will all go over.” 7

At the heart of this debate was the issue of freeing the Slaves to fight for the Confederacy. Henry Cousins Chambers, who killed his opponent for Confederate Congress, William Augustus Lake, in a duel in 1861, represented Mississippi in the First Confederate Congress and the Second Confederate Congress from 1862 to 1865.

The Mississippi FlagIt was the Honorable Mr. Chambers from Mississippi who said he was ashamed to debate the question. Since the Confederacy was “not fighting for slavery,” Mr. Chambers expressed his heart felt sentiments this way: “All nature cries out against it. The Negro was ordained to slavery by the Almighty. Emancipation would be the destruction of our social and political system. God forbid that this Trojan horse should be introduced among us.” 8

The Mississippi FlagMany viewed this proposal as a measure that would threatened the very foundations of the Confederacy. However, in the end, a compromise was reached and on March 13th, 1864 Confederate President Jefferson Davis, who made it clear that the Confederacy was “not fighting for slavery,” signed a narrowly passed bill that did not include a provision to emancipate those Slaves who left the plantations to fight for the Confederate Army9 Facing their own “subjugation,” “utter ruin” and the “destruction of [their] social and political system,” should the South lose the war, the Confederate Congress chose to leave the freedom of the Slaves up to the individual states and General Order No. 14 (click here or on image to the left to enlarge and read) was officially issued setting a fixed number of 300,000 Slaves for the Confederate States Colored Troops10

“It’s Not About Abortion” (21st Century)

This all deals with women’s health. Everything has been resolved. Everything. It’s an ideological battle. It has nothing to do with fiscal integrity in this country.” — Senate Majority Leader, Harry Reid (Democrat, Nevada), the morning of the Friday, April 8th, 2012 deadline for the federal government’s fiscal year 2012 budget 11

Did The Federal Government Almost Shut Down Over Abortion?

“A woman’s ability to decide how many children to have and when, without interference from the government, is one of the most fundamental rights we possess. It is not just an issue of choice, but equality and opportunity for all women.” — Barack Hussein Obama II, as a United States Senator 12


President Barack Hussein Obama II, House Speaker John Boehner and Senate Majority Leader Harry ReidOn Thursday, April 7th, 2011 the nation was facing the possibility of the federal government shutting down if President Barack Hussein Obama II, the Democrat-Controlled Senate and the Republican-Controlled House in Congress cannot agree with a final 2011 budget by Friday, April 8th, 201113 With the federal government twenty-four (24) hours away from shut down, Republican-Controlled House passed their third (3rd) Continuing Resolution (CR) to carry the federal government for at least one (1) more week. 14 However, the President Barack Hussein Obama II and the Democrat-Controlled Senate have rejected the latest Republican-Controlled House proposed CR because it contains a policy rider in it that would cut abortion funding. According to a CNN report dated, on Friday, April 8th, 2011 at 10:54 A.M. (EST), Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (Democrat, Nevada), admitted that “the President Barack Hussein Obama IIabortion issue is the lone remaining stumbling block for negotiators trying to reach a budget deal that would stop the federal government from being shutdown.” 15 In the end government shutdown was averted. When the Republicans agreed to drop their demand to defund Planned Parenthood and the Democrats agreed to much larger budget cuts, on Friday, April 8th, 2011, just before 11:00 P.M. (EST) House Speaker John Andrew Beohner (Republican, Ohio) announced a deal was done just before the midnight deadline. 16

Like it or not …

It’s All About Abortion.

Indeed history repeats itself.

Just like it was about slavery in the past, it’s about abortion today.

House Speaker John BoehnerIt’s been over forty-five (45) years since abortion was legalized in America. 17 Since 1967 over fifty-five (55) million lives have been lost to abortion on demand. 18 That’s over fifty (50) million more lives than the documented number of United States military dead, wounded and missing since 1775 (2,527,494) 19 or almost one percent (1%) of the world’s population to date. 20 In the past forty-five (45) years abortion has taken over fifty-five (55) million American lives, more than twenty-two (22) times the totality of lives loss in ALL the wars America has ever fought in one-fifth (1/5th) of the time. Both the Democrats and Republicans seem to be blind to the social, economic and spiritual impact of fifty-five (55) million unborn Americans missing in action. Fifty-five (55) million lives is 30 percent (30%) of the entire generation under forty-five (45) or seventy-two percent (72%) of all the babies born during the Baby Boom from 1945 to 1963. 21 Apparently, the Democrats would rather shut down the entire federal government before defunding the largest abortion provider in the country with tax-payer dollars. Apparently, the Republicans would rather fund the largest abortion provider in the country with tax-payer dollars before shutting down the entire federal government. Either way, the largest abortion provider in the country continues to get funded. Apparently, political compromise is not the way to end the shedding of innocent blood through abortion on demand.

In Ecclesiastes 11:5 (GodsWord), King Solomon said: “Just as you don’t know how the breath of life enters the limbs of a child within its mother’s womb, you also don’t understand how God, who made everything, works.” 22

Apparently, King Solomon is right and what we don’t know is killing us. However, at this point, I’m beginning to suspect that our problem is not, that we don’t have at least some idea of when life begins. As the years roll by and the number of lives deliberately destroyed in the womb of their own mothers continues to rise higher and higher, it’s becoming apparent to me that as a country, we don’t care enough about when life begins to bring an end to abortion on demand. Apparently, we care more about our own lives and the quality thereof than we do about the lives of the most innocent and vulnerable among us.

Like it or not, when it comes to ending abortion …

IT’S JUST ABOUT US!

 

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
01. Jefferson Davis, as noted by James R. Gilmore, otherwise known as “Edmund Kirke” on Friday, July 22, 1864 and documented in “The Political History of The United States of America During The Great Rebellion 1860-1865 (Studies in American history and government)” by Edward Mcpherson. See Google Books (http://bit.ly/Ig7s1R).
02. Jonathan Sutherland, “African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1” (http://bit.ly/HztrQo).
03. The “Action of 13 December 1814 (Louisiana Campaign)” Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://bit.ly/InUITf).
04. Patrick Cleburne, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (http://bit.ly/HsNdQt).
05. President Jefferson Davis, “African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1,” (http://bit.ly/I8yjKQ).
06. William Smith of Virginia, “African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1,” (http://bit.ly/HqHzgJ).
07. Robert Hunter of Virginia, “African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1,” (http://bit.ly/IggU56).
08. Henry Chambers of Mississippi, “African Americans at War: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1,” (http://bit.ly/HzCh0M).
09. “Confederate Law Authorizing the Enlistment of Black Soldiers, as Promulgated in a Military Order” (http://bit.ly/HowhVI).
10. Ibid.
11. CNN Wire Staff, “Shutdown Looms,” Cable News Network (CNN), April 8th, 2011 at 10:54 A.M. (EDT) (http://bit.ly/HBlr4p).
12. Nancy Keenan, President of NARAL Pro-Choice America and author of “Why NARAL Pro-Choice America Endorsed Barack Obama” posted on May 14, 2008 (http://huff.to/SYqHy).
13. Jeneba Ghatt, “Abortion politics and the government shut down,” The Washington Times, posted on Thursday, April 7th, 2011 (http://bit.ly/hD8Feu).
14. Ibid.
15. CNN Wire Staff, “Shutdown Looms,” Cable News Network (CNN), April 8th, 2011 at 10:54 A.M. (EDT) (http://bit.ly/HBlr4p).
16. Alan Silverleib and Tom Cohen, “Democrats, Republicans agree on a budget deal,” Cable News Network (CNN), posted on April 9th, 2011 at 12:27 A.M. (EDT) (http://bit.ly/eHMKZs). See also “John Boehner Discusses Budget Deal, Says GOP Won’t ‘Roll Over’ On Debt.” Huff Post Politics, Posted on April 4th, 2011. House Majority Speaker John Andrew Boehner has this to say: “I think NOT raising the debt limit would have serious, very serious implications for the world-wide economy and jobs here in America. But having said that, we’re just not going to do the typical Washington thing, roll over, increase the debt limit without addressing the underlying problem (http://huff.to/f8QFqK).” Apparently, the Republicans will raise the debt limit as well as Democrats, but in their own way.
17. National Abortion Federation (NAF), “A Timeline of Reproductive Rights,” Colorado is the first state to liberalize its abortion laws in 1967 (http://bit.ly/8Xjio6).
18. Dennis M. Howard, The Movement for a Better America, Inc., “America’s Silent Killer: 55.3 Million Lives Lost!” (http://bit.ly/IprTXN).
19. United States Military Casualties Of War, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/flhGiq).
20. United States Census Bureau (http://www.census.gov).
21. Dennis M. Howard, The Movement for a Better America, Inc., “America’s Silent Killer: 55.3 Million Lives Lost!” (http://bit.ly/IprTXN).
22. Ecclesiastes 11:5 Bible.cc provides a parallel, verse by verse view of 8 translations (http://bit.ly/I659tF).

UnExpected Outcomes (4)

In Abortion, Politics on April 9, 2012 at 12:00 am
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UnExpected Outcomes (4)

The Needs Of The Many Outweigh The Needs Of The Few ·

Franklin Delano Roosevelt“… he [President Franklin Delano Roosevelt] said the difficulty is that it is unconstitutional apparently for the Federal Government to step in the lynching situation.” — Eleanor Roosevelt’s, letter to NAACP’s Walter White on lobbying against lynchings, March 19, 1936 1

Lynching: The Shame of America

“I’ve got to get legislation passed by Congress to save America. The Southerners by reason of the seniority rule in Congress are chairman or occupy strategic places on most of the Senate and House committees. If I come out for the anti-lynching bill now, they will block every bill I ask Congress to pass to keep America from collapsing. I just can’t take that risk.” — Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Harvard Sitkoff, “A New Deal for Blacks: The Emergence of Civil Rights As a National Issue: The Depression Decade”, page 46 2


The Shame of America NAACP ad in support of Dyer Anti-Lynching Bill, November 1922.In 1918 Leonidas Dyer, a Republican Senator from Missouri, introduced the Dyer anti-lynching bill 3 to Congress and it passed through the House of Representatives in 1922. However, this Bill which promised “to assure to persons within the jurisdiction of every State the equal protection of the laws, and to punish the crime of lynching,” was never passed by the Senate. 4 Southern “Jim Crow” senators protected their constituents predilection for lynching Negroes and preserved White political power and economic control through terror in the South. 5 In 1926 the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) paraded through Washington, D.C., on Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, boasted having between two (2) and three (3) million members and controlling hundreds of elected officials and several state legislatures in both the North and the South. 6 As you can see the KKK’s parade down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. demonstrated the Klan’s strength and boldness. 7 By 1931 Walter Francis White, became the NAACP’s The 1926 KKK Paradeexecutive secretary and used his relationship with Eleanor Roosevelt to gain access to her husband President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the former Democratic Governor from New York, regarding anti-lynching legislation8 The NAACP, ( whose nine (9) co-founders included three (3) Black and six (6) White Americans 9 ) formed in 1909 on President Abraham Lincoln’s 100th birthday and partly in response to the practice of lynching Negroes, hoped that the election of Roosevelt in 1932 as the 32nd President of the United States would end lynching. White aggressively campaigned for Roosevelt. However, in 1935 the Costian-Wagner Act, an anti-lynching bill, failed as President Roosevelt refused to support it. Sadly, Roosevelt claimed that White voters in the South would never forgive him. 10 As such, no bill made it through Congress. In 1939 and to his credit, Roosevelt formed the Civil Rights Section of the Justice Department which started to prosecute the crime of lynching Negroes. However, it was not until 1946, fifty-seven (57) years since 1889, The 1926 KKK Paradebefore the Justice Department received its first conviction under federal Civil Rights laws against Tom Crews, a Constable for Suwannee County in Florida11 In September 1945, Crews, took Sam McFadden, a Black American Army Veteran, into his custody for being “disrespectful.” Crews then proceeded to whip McFadden and then forced him at gunpoint to jump in to the Suwannee River where he drowned. While a local jury failed to indict Crews, a federal investigation did find evidence that Crews had violated McFadden’s civil rights. Crews was then sentenced to a $1,000 fine and received all of one (1) year in prison for killing a Black man. 12

So what’s the lesson here?

The promise of power and prosperity trumps values!

 

America, I see now. Thank you. I’m learning.

The Needs Of The Mother Outweigh The Needs Of Her Child

President Barack Obama walks along the Colonnade with John Holdren“… under the United States Constitution, effective population-control programs, even including laws requiring compulsory abortion, could be sustained under the existing Constitution if the population crisis became sufficiently severe to endanger the society.” —  John Paul Holdren, is the Senior Advisor to President Barack Obama on Science and Technology 13,14

Abortion: The Shame of America

“The law could properly say to a mother that, in order to protect the children she already has, she could have no more.” [because] “differential rates of reproduction between ethnic, racial, religious, or economic groups might result in increased competition for resources and political power and thereby undermine social order.” — John Paul Holdren, is the Senior Advisor to President Barack Obama on Science and Technology 15


The cover of the The New York Times from January 23, 1973, featuring headlines regarding the Roe v. Wade decision and Lyndon B. Johnson's death.On January 22, 1973, with a 7-to-2 majority vote in favor of Roe and Doe16 the United States Supreme Court declared abortion is a fundamental right under the United States Constitution and by implication overturned most laws against abortion in individual states. Since 1973 all challenges to the constitutionality of Roe and Doe have been struck down. Consider Webster v. Reproductive Health Services17 In this case, the United States Supreme Court upheld several abortion restrictions. Consider Planned Parenthood v. Casey18 Here the United States Supreme Court reaffirmed the central holding of Roe. Consider Stenberg v. Carhart19 Here the United States Supreme Court struck down the Nebraska ban by a 5-4 vote, citing a right to use the safest method for second (2nd) trimester abortion. Consider Gonzales v. Carhart20 Here the the United States Supreme Court handed down a 5 to 4 decision upholding the constitutionality of the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act. Anthony McLeod Kennedy, Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court, wrote the majority opinion, however, his opinion did not address the question of whether or not the Court’s prior decisions in Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, and Stenberg v. Carhart were valid. Instead the United States Supreme Court said that the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act is consistent with those prior decisions whether or not those prior decisions were valid21 The impact of the Court’s decisions has been devastating. Since 1967, when abortion was first found constitutional at a state level, the total number of abortions in the United States has taken the lives of over 55 million babies. 22 According to Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) America performs 1.21 million abortions a year. 23 In other words, one (1) child will die in his or her mother’s womb every twenty-six (26) seconds. That’s 3,315 human lives lost every twenty-four (24) hours to the constitutionally protected right of abortion on demand. To put this in no uncertain terms for the Church, yesterday on Easter Sunday (April 8th, 2012) 3,315 babies were legally executed in abortion clinics throughout the country. Again, I am speaking to Christians and in an effort to be absolutely clear, if every hour 138 children die in utero, those same babies born would have filled 138 baby beds during one (1) morning worship service or 276 baby beds during two (2) worship services or 414 baby beds during three (3) worship services or 552 baby beds during four (4) worship services or 3,315 baby beds by midnight. Yesterday, in your Church nursery, how many baby beds were empty!

So what’s the lesson here?

The petitions of my physical needs
trumps the pleas and pursuits of my personal values!

 

America, I’m seeing much clearer now. Thank you. I’m learning.

The Needs Of Black America Outweigh The Needs Of America

Bridging the Racial and Political Divide: How Godly Politics Can Transform a Nation“In a meeting I attended, a Black pastor friend who had supported Governor Mike Huckabee in the Primary Election, reported that he voted for President Obama. I was stunned. This pastor was a Republican. He was pro-life. He couldn’t even talk about abortion without weeping, yet he voted for Barack Obama. His actions showed me that the breach between Blacks and Whites in the political arena was much wider and deeper than I could ever imagine. Given a choice between two White candidates, he would have chosen the pro-life one. But given a choice between a Black candidate who supports abortion and a White candidate who opposes abortion, he chose the Black one. Is it a stretch to say that for many Black voters race trumps values?” — Alice Patterson, author of “Bridging the Racial and Political Divide: How Godly Politics Can Transform a Nation” 24

Compromise: The Shame Of America

“President Obama is not going to lose the black vote no matter what he does.” — Van Jones, Former White House adviser, during an April 2nd, 2012 MSNBC interview. 25


Thomas Nast's Original Compromise with the South PrintOver the years several United States Presidents have supported abortion. Republican President Richard Milhous Nixon said “there are times when an abortion is necessary, I know that. When you have a Black and a White or a rape.” 26 Democratic President James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr. supported legal abortion in order to prevent birth defects and in other extreme cases. 27 Democratic Presidents William Jefferson “Bill” Clinton 28 and Barack Hussein Obama II 29 have both taken the position that “abortions should be legally available in accordance with Roe v. Wade.” Compromise is indeed the shame of America. Over the years, regardless of who we support as President, Black Americans have watched America put herself first. Over the years, Black Americans have watched America compromise her own clear and cherished values on the backs of and at the expense of women, children, minorities and the poor. Over the years, Black Americans have learned from America that race trumps values. Perhaps Van Jones is right. Perhaps it is a waste of time, talent and treasure reaching out to Black America in the name of values. Perhaps alea iacta est (latin for: “the die has been cast”). Perhaps we are set in our ways, even at our own expense. Perhaps … but I don’t buy it. The love of God has taught me a priceless lesson for such a time as this. In Philippians 2:3 the Apostle Paul says: “Let nothing be done through strife or vainglory; but in lowliness of mind let each esteem [the] other better than themselves.” 30


If America is going to end abortion, she must rise above her pursuit for power, prosperity and the petitions of her physical needs. She must reach for the righteousness that exalts a nation 31 and reject the temptations that lead to ruin. She must put the needs of others, the needs of women, the need of minorities, the needs of the poor, the needs of her children, the most vulnerable among us, above her own needs. She must not find concession in compromise or courage in conceding her conscience to the corrupt. If America is going to end abortion, Black America, Latino America and White America must come to the realization that our future and our fortunes are inextricably tied together.

So what’s the lesson here?

When it comes to ending abortion, the needs of the one
or even the few … outweigh the needs of the many. ·

 

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Note(s):
· Star Trek III: The Search For Spock Script, Written By: Harve Bennett, Participating Writers, Jack B. Sowards, Samuel A. Peeples, Quoting: Sarek, Vulcan ambassador to the United Federation of Planets and father of Spock. Spock a retired Federation Ambassador to the Romulan Empire and Admiral James T. Kirk, Starfleet officer (http://bit.ly/HhHqML). Yes, Lori and I like Star Trek. We’re old enough to have seen the original series on NBC from September 8, 1966, through June 3, 1969.

Reference(s):
01. Eleanor Roosevelt’s, letter to NAACP’s Walter White on lobbying against lynchings, March 19, 1936. Source: Library of Congress Manuscript Division, Washington, D.C. (http://bit.ly/HyJwlx).
02. Harvard Sitkoff, “A New Deal for Blacks: The Emergence of Civil Rights As a National Issue: The Depression Decade”, page 35. (http://bit.ly/I3jLiV).
03. Leonidas Dyer, “Anti-Lynching Bill,” 1918, Senate Reports (7951), 67th Congress: 2nd Session, 1921-22, Vol. 2, pp. 33-34. (http://bit.ly/I3kWPm).
04. Ibid.
05. Amistad Digital Resource, “Racial Violence and Terror,” Section 06., Columbia University (http://bit.ly/wqhPrL).
06. Ibid.
07. 1925 KKK Parade, “The KKK Parade in Washington Fifty Thousand Klansmen March,” The Literary Digest, 1925, Old Magazine Articles. Quote: “The Parade Was Grander And Gaudier By Far Than Anything The Wizards Had Prophesied.” (http://bit.ly/Hlepwr).
08. NAACP History: Costigan Wagner Bill (http://bit.ly/HhKeJV).
09. “The Birth of the NAACP” (http://bit.ly/9gZJma). Please note that Mary White Ovington and Oswald Garrison Villard were Republicans (http://bit.ly/HR1KlA) and that John E. Milholland (http://bit.ly/9gZJma) who served as Treasurer was a Lincoln Republican. See also the National Black Republican Association, “President Obama, Can You Spare A Proclamation” (http://bit.ly/5gitN) and note that James Weldon Johnson (http://bit.ly/HoK7cX), the first Black General Secretary of the NAACP, who in 1900 wrote the song, “Lift Every Voice,” known as the “Black National Anthem” with his brother, John Rosamond Johnson (http://bit.ly/auo2p7), was also a Republican.
10 op. cit., NAACP History: Costigan Wagner Bill (http://bit.ly/HhKeJV).
11. The Madison Florida Voice, “Looking back at some ‘White Trash History’ of Madison County,” (http://bit.ly/HTD2Dl). See also “A Sorry Story” by aura Wexler, Sunday June 19th, 2005 (http://wapo.st/HyYesM).
12. Ibid.
13. Ehrlich A.H., Ehrlich P.R., and Holdren J.R., Ecoscience, San Francisco, CA: W. H. Freeman and Co., 1977, p. 837. Published electronically at (http://bit.ly/sU6GR). Quoted at (http://bit.ly/9SvW20).
14. Office of Science and Technology Policy | The White House (http://1.usa.gov/aHSURx) and (http://1.usa.gov/mPqvV5).
15. op. cit., Ehrlich A.H., Ehrlich P.R., and Holdren J.R., Ecoscience, p.838. See also (http://exm.nr/HhAmPY).
16. Roe v. Wade, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia (http://bit.ly/11oVBK).
17. Ibid.
18. Ibid.
19. Ibid.
20. Ibid.
21. Ibid.
22. Dennis M. Howard, The Movement for a Better America, Inc. (http://bit.ly/9FPAN1).
23. Guttmacher Institute, “Facts on Induced Abortion in the United States”, August 2008 (http://bit.ly/chyCC).
24. Alice Patterson, author of “Bridging the Racial and Political Divide: How Godly Politics Can Transform a Nation” (http://bit.ly/hqmvEQ). This book has “Life Changing Power!” I highly recommend it for your library. — Walter B. Hoye II
25. Real Clear Politics Video, Posted on April 2, 2012 (http://bit.ly/HIRixw).
26. Roe v. Wade, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, “Presidential Positions” (http://bit.ly/HTRWtb).
27. Ibid.
28. Ibid.
29. Ibid.
30. Philippians 2:3 Bible.cc provides a parallel, verse by verse view of 8 translations (http://bit.ly/aWLwXm).
31. Ibid., Proverbs 14:34, “Righteousness exalts a nation: but sin is a reproach to any people.” (http://bit.ly/36CvK).

UnExpected Outcomes (3)

In Abortion, Politics on April 2, 2012 at 1:16 am
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UnExpected Outcomes (3)

“What remains certain is that Reconstruction failed, and that for Blacks its failure was a disaster whose magnitude cannot be obscured by the genuine accomplishments that did endure.” — Eric Foner, American Historian 1

Why I Will Not Vote The Democratic Ticket (1880)

“The existing [Republican] administration is the representative of conspiracy only, and its claim of right to surround the ballot-boxes with troops and deputy marshals, to intimidate and obstruct the election, and the unprecedented use of the veto to maintain its corrupt and despotic powers, insult the people and imperil their institutions.” — Democratic Party Platform of 1880, Plank No. 6. 2


Why I Will Not Vote The Democratic Ticket, 1880 HandbillThe United States Presidential Election of 1880 marked the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865-1877). 3,4 James A. Garfield from Ohio was the Republican Party’s candidate and Union General Winfield Scott Hancock, a decorated Civil War hero, was the Democratic Party’s candidate. While the 1880 election provided little to no fireworks in terms of pressing issues of its day, the Democratic Party’s strategy of using a Civil War hero at the battle of Gettysburg to further their disenfranchisement designs to keep Black Americans from voting in the “Solid Democratic South” clearly stands out. 5 Designs such as “violence,” “fraud,” “literacy test“, “poll taxes,” “White only primaries,” “gerrymandering,” “ballot box stuffing,” “restrictive registration practices,” and “stripping duly elected officials of their powers” were effectively employed by the “Solid Democratic South” when the last of the 20,000 United States federal troops needed to enforce the Reconstruction Acts were withdrawn from the “Solid Democratic South.” 6,7,8 Because Hancock was a Democrat who fought to preserve the Union but not to end slavery or see Black Americans protected by the United States Constitution, 9 a handbill that emphasized the differences between the Republicans and the Democrats entitled: “Why I Will Not Vote The Democratic Ticket” was issued to remind voters why they should not vote Democratic in the 1880 election. 10 Today such language would be considered “politically incorrect,” however, in 1880 these facts were widely known and fresh in everyones memory. Nevertheless, the strategy was brilliant, using a candidate that “appeared” to represent the victorious North and the interests of the disenfranchised slaves in the South, dramatically diluted the Republican Party’s voter base. Even though Hancock lost the election, he lost by less than 2,000 popular votes in what is to date the smallest popular vote victory for a United States President in American history. 11

Extra Extra Read All About It! Click here to read the Chicago Times’ Sunday, November 7th review of the 1880 Presidential election entitled: “The Democratic Party’s Downfall: The Curse of Slavery and of the Session Rebellion Pursuing it to its Grave.”
White Space Holder— Oh, how far have the mighty fallen!

Why I Will Not Vote The Democratic Ticket (2012)

“The Negro cannot win … if he is willing to sell the future of his children for his personal and immediate comfort and safety.” — Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (“The Living King”, Ebony, Vol. 41, No. 3, January 1986, Page 63.)


The 2008 Democratic Party Platform CoverJust as the Democratic Party platforms of 1856, 1860 and 1868 defended chattel slavery, supported the Fugitive Slave Law, the Dred Scott decision and the Homer Plessy decision, declared that the Civil Rights laws of the Congress were “unconstitutional, revolutionary, and void” and charged that “instead of restoring the Union, it [the Republican Party] has, so far as in its power, dissolved it, and subjected ten States, in time of profound peace, to military despotism and Negro supremacy,” the Democratic Party platform today continues to corrupt the clear conscience of biblical constructs. 12 The 2008 Democratic National Platform (“Renewing America’s Promise“), strongly and unequivocally supports abortion on demand (with taxpayer dollars) and same-sex marriage. 13 Today, abortion has terminated the lives of over fifty (50) million children in the womb of their own mothers. According to Dennis M. Howard, the total number of abortions in the United States between 1967 and 2011 is 54,900,000 or more than the population of the seventy-two (72) largest cities in the United States (54,899,885). 14 Abortion protest sign on North Table Mountain outside Denver, during the 2008 Democratic National ConventionIn Black America, abortion is the number one (1) cause of death and its impact is genocidal. According to La Verne Tolbert, Ph.D., of the over fifty (50) million lives lost to abortion on demand, over twenty (20) million have been Black American babies. 15 According to the latest report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and keeping in mind that the CDC’s report legally excludes the numbers from California (the state that performs the largest number of abortions in the country), Maryland, and New Hampshire, Black Women accounted for 40.2% of all abortions in the United States of America. 16 The fertility rate of 2.110 represents “replacement level” Percent change in fertility rates by selected race and origin of mother: United States, 2007-2009fertility for a population under current mortality conditions (assuming no net immigration). Fertility rates below two children define a population decreasing in size and growing older. Some demographers have even expressed concern that due to demographic inertia, a very low fertility rate could become irreversible. According to the United States Census Bureau’s Statistical Abstract of the United States (a report given to the United States Senate and Congress), in 2003 Black America dropped below the replacement level of 2.110 (again). 17 At the very least, this is a “wake up” call for a population whose fertility rate was 124.7 in 1966. 18

No, I Will Not Vote The Democratic Ticket!

Why I Will Not Vote Party Above Principle

“We made up our minds that the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution were themselves null and void; that the acts of Congress *** were null and void; that oaths required by such laws were null and void.” — Benjamin Ryan Tillman, (Democrat from South Carolina) from Senator Tillman’s speech in the United States Senate, March 23, 1900, A Republican Text-Book For Colored Voters (Cover Page) 19


“Hon. W. Bourke Cochran, of New York, a leading Northern Democrat, has emphasized the above expression of Senator Tillman by advocating a repeal of the Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution. Thus the Democratic Party North and South is joining hands to disfranchise the Negro.” — A Republican Text-Book For Colored Voters (Cover Page) 20


A Republican Text-Book For Colored VotersDavid Barton, Founder and President of WallBuilders once said: "… no one from any background — whether political, religious, or racial — should ever love any political party above principle. Although history is clear that there have been major differences in how political parties treated Black Americans, neither party is completely blameless in all of its actions — nor have all the leaders in a party always been good, or always been bad.” 21 I wholeheartedly agree. Today, neither the Democratic nor Republican Party is worthy of my vote. Today we vote for the “lesser of two evils” believing one isn’t as bad as the other and therefore should be chosen over the one that is the greater threat. Gone are the days where our “two-party system” represented the clear line between good and evil. Today both parties have embraced the practice of “Party above Principle.” Today both parties participate in “Partisan Politics” that only serve their personal proclivities. Today both parities have broken their “Contract with America” (CWA) 22 and we the people have sacrificed our vote to the God of “Political Expediency.”

This all ends here. Join me in saying …

I Will Not Vote Party Above Principle!

Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), a Black Republican, advisor to Abraham Lincoln, abolitionist and a minister of the Gospel speaks for me when he says:

Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) I have one great political idea … That idea is an old one. It is widely and generally assented to; nevertheless, it is very generally trampled upon and disregarded. The best expression of it, I have found in the Bible. It is in substance, “Righteousness exalteth a nation; [but] sin is a reproach to any people” (Proverbs 14:34). This constitutes my politics — the negative and positive of my politics, and the whole of my politics … I feel it my duty to do all in my power to infuse this idea into the public mind, that it may speedily be recognized and practiced upon by our people.” 23

Congressional Representative, Robert Brown Elliott (1871-1874), a Black Republican from South Carolina speaks for me when he says:

Congressional Representative, Robert Brown Elliott (1871-1874) I am the slave of principles; I call no [political] party master … I have ever most sincerely embraced the democratic [or representative] ideal — not, indeed, as represented or professed by any party, but according to its real significance as transfigured in the Declaration of Independence and in the injunctions of Christianity.” 24

As a people, we seem to have forgotten where we’ve come from. It’s time for us to remember our past, so we can clearly see our present and by the “injunctions of Christianity” chart our future.

If you believe “righteousness exalteth a nation” then come this November, take your Bible to the ballot and Vote God!

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
01. Eric Foner, Reconstruction: America’s unfinished revolution, 1863-1877 (1988) p. 604 (http://bit.ly/HjiAwp).
02. Democratic Party Platform of 1880, Gerhard Peters — The American Presidency Project (http://bit.ly/H1IchV).
03. United States Presidential Election Of 1880, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/H157Gt).
04. Reconstruction Era of the United States, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/qc491K).
05. Joseph G. Dawson III, “Hancock, Winfield Scott,” Handbook of Texas Online, published by the Texas State Historical Association (http://bit.ly/HmcLd7).
06. Race, Voting Rights, and Segregation Direct Disenfranchisement, Techniques of Direct Disenfranchisement, 1880-1965 (http://bit.ly/fjAW9X).
07. Solid South, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/hGstG9).
08. Reconstruction Era of the United States, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/qc491K).
09. David Barton, “Setting the Record Straight, American History in Black and White”, pp. 96-97 (http://bit.ly/GQFbQt).
10. Ibid., p. 98 (http://bit.ly/GQFbQt).
11. United States Presidential Election Of 1880, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/H157Gt).
12. David Barton, “Setting the Record Straight, American History in Black and White”, pp. 23,56 (http://bit.ly/GQFbQt).
13. Democratic Party Platform, “Renewing America’s Promise” (http://bit.ly/ayADXJ).
14. Dennis M. Howard, The Movement for a Better America, Inc. (http://bit.ly/9FPAN1).
15. La Verne Tolbert, Ph.D.,”The National Center for Family Planning Services in the HSMHA established “a meaningful federal and private partnership” by officially incorporating Planned Parenthood into the federal government under the umbrella of DHEW.”, Article: “Over 20 Million Aborted: Why Planned Parenthood Targets the Inner-City” (http://bit.ly/pqOqbB).
16. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), Abortion Surveillance — United States, 2008 (http://1.usa.gov/zXJv0q).
17. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Statistics of the United States, Table 77. (http://bit.ly/edHVu8).
18. “Table 1-1. Live Births, Birth Rates, and Fertility Rates, by Race: United States, 1909-2000.” National Center for Health Statistics (http://bit.ly/GZ5N1p).
19. A Republican Text-Book For Colored Voters, editors, T.H.R. Clarke and B. McKay (http://1.usa.gov/GZ7Mmk).
20. Ibid.
21. David Barton, “Setting the Record Straight, American History in Black and White”, p. 133 (http://bit.ly/GQFbQt).
22. The “Contract with America” was a document released by the United States Republican Party during the 1994 Congressional election campaign, Wikipedia (http://bit.ly/TuImt).
23. Scott C. Williamson, “The narrative life: the moral and religious thought of Frederick Douglass” (http://bit.ly/HtIFpO).
24. Carter Godwin Woodson, “Negro Orators and Their Orations,” p. 505, Robert B. Elliott, Eulogy of Charles sumner, 1874.