Walter Hoye

Archive for April, 2011|Monthly archive page

Conflict, Competition and Christ

In Abortion on April 25, 2011 at 2:20 am

Conflict Of Interest (COI)

“If we ever pass out as a great nation we ought to put on our tombstone ‘America died from a delusion that she had moral leadership’.” — William Penn Adair Rogers (Better known as: “Will” Rogers)


A Conflict Of Interest (COI) describes the circumstance we find ourselves in when one of our activities, private interests, moral and/or official or professional responsibilities can be advanced only at the expense of our other activities, private interests, moral and/or official or professional responsibilities. Mayor Vincent GrayThe recent arrest of Washington’s District of Columbia Mayor Vincent Gray is a case in point. On Monday, April 11th, 2011, Mayor Gray along with six (6) city council members were arrested on Capitol Hill. 1 They were demanding that Congress re-institute the availability of U.S. Taxpayer dollars to kill unborn Black children While At The Same Time demanding that Congress kill federal funding of school choice which rescues Black children from failing public schools. Ryan Scott Bomberger, Chief Creative Officer of the Radiance Foundation asks The question: “How does one reconcile supporting the needless death of its citizens while denouncing desperately needed educational resources for precious children once they’re born?” 2 The answer is: You can’t. This is not reconcilable. This is a classic example of a Conflict Of Interest (COI) in the public square.

Competition Of Interest (COI)

“Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter! Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight! Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle strong drink: Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!.” — Isaiah 5:20-23 (King James Version)


Conflict Of Interest (COI) is sometimes termed Competition Of Interest (COI) rather than “conflict“, emphasizing a connotation of natural competition between valid interests rather than violent conflict with its connotation of victimhood and unfair aggression. Mayor Vincent GrayThis year’s Washington Examiner article written by Harry Jaffe, entitled: “D.C. bleeding millions a week in lost Medicaid funds” 3 is a case in point. Over the past decade the D.C. Mayor and City Council have failed to collect “$347.4 Million” in Medicaid reimbursements. According to Jaffe, “the inability to collect Medicaid funds is neck and neck with the public school system’s miserable record of educating our children for scandalous government dysfunction.” 4 Medicaid which is only available to low-income individuals and families makes it possible for low-income individuals and families to get the health care they need. However, according to TBD’s Amanda Hess, “28 women who had scheduled Medicaid-Funded Abortions at a District Planned Parenthood clinic today have been left without a means to pay for the [abortion] procedure.” 5 According to D.C. Abortion Fund President Tiffany Reed, D.C. City Councilman Jim Graham personally pledged $250 to help pay for medicaid abortions and even pulled an “All-Nighter” in hopes of drumming up enough donations to cover one day’s worth medicaid abortions (i.e., about 28 procedures) for one Planned Parenthood abortion clinic. 6 Apparently some view the competition between the demand for the health care needs of low-income individuals and families and the demand for killing children in the wombs of low-income mothers as a natural competition between valid interests. However, Abortion Is Not Health Care. And when I reflect on the fact that 85% of D.C. Medicaid enrollees are Black, I struggle to believe that the D.C. Abortion Fund and the D.C. Mayor and City Council have the best interest of low-income individuals and families at heart.

Conflict, Competition and Christ

“So shall you purge the guilt of innocent blood from among you, when you do what is right in the sight of the Lord.” — Deuteronomy 21:9 (Amplified Bible)


It has been my experience that an abortion minded mother has been lied to regarding the veracity of birth control, exploited by a rabid abortion industry that profits financially from performing abortions, abandoned by the father of her child, her immediate family, her church family, close friends and in some cases, even her job. It is my position that: “The Mother Is Abortion’s Second Victim” and in the spirit of John 8:10,11 7 she deserves our unconditional love. As men of God, charged with shepherding God’s people, contending for the faith and competing for the souls of men and women for Christ’s sake, I wonder what conflicts with and/or competes with saving the lives of women and children. After thirty-eight (38) years of legalized abortion which is responsible for the brutal death of over 50 million babies, terminated in the womb of their own mothers, I cannot help but wonder if we are suffering from the same COI at work in Washington’s District of Columbia. Let’s be clear. Abortion Is Wrong. Ending Abortion Is Right. So what do we do, is a question that I have been repeatedly asked by leaders around the nation. I Thank God For His Answer. God used Moses, His Law Giver, to teach us that we can purge the guilt of innocent blood from among us, when we do what is right in the sight of the Lord. End Abortion Now!

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
1. “Washington Mayor Arrested in Protest”, April 11th, 2011, New York Times, (http://bit.ly/fBBeh3).
2. “D.C. Wants To Kill its own”, April 12th, 2011, TooManyAborted.Com (http://bit.ly/eAqA8p).
3. “D.C. Bleeding Millions A Week In Lost Medicaid Funds”, Harry Jaffe, January 31st, 2011, Washington Examiner (http://bit.ly/fFvXhw).
4. Ibid.
5. 28 D.C. Women Seek Abortion Funding As Medicaid Coverage Expires (http://bit.ly/eDygVW).
6. Ibid.
7. “When Jesus had lifted Himself up and saw none but the woman, He said unto her, ‘Woman, where are those thine accusers? Hath no man condemned thee?’ She said, ‘No man, Lord.’ And Jesus said unto her, ‘Neither do I condemn thee; go, and sin no more.'” (21st Century King James Version).

Note(s):1. “DHCF Addresses Medicaid Reimbursement Problem”, D.C. Department of Health Care Finance, March 16th, 2011, (http://bit.ly/gUmZat).

Agree Or Disagree

In Abortion on April 18, 2011 at 1:46 am

Agree Or Disagree

1. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., defined “Civil Disobedience” in these terms: “The act of openly disobeying an unjust, immoral or unconstitutional law as a matter of conscience, and accepting the consequences, including submitting to imprisonment if necessary, to protest an injustice.” [1]

[  ] I Agree
[  ] I Do Not Agree

2. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., defined “Redemptive Suffering” in these terms: “A willingness to accept suffering without seeking revenge or retribution. When an individual or group experiences injustice and abuse for a good cause, it will help produce a greater good.” [2]

[  ] I Agree
[  ] I Do Not Agree

3. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., defined “Injustice” in these terms: “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” [3]

[  ] I Agree
[  ] I Do Not Agree

4. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., defined the “Measure Of A Man” in these terms: “The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge and controversy.” [4]

[  ] I Agree
[  ] I Do Not Agree

5. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., defined “Courage and Conviction” in these terms: “Cowardice asks the question – is it safe? Expediency asks the question – is it politic[al]? Vanity asks the question – is it popular? But conscience asks the question – is it right? And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic[al], nor popular; but one must take it because it is right.” [5]

[  ] I Agree
[  ] I Do Not Agree

6. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., defined the agony of “False Friendships” in these terms: “In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.” [6]

[  ] I Agree
[  ] I Do Not Agree

7. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., defined our “Moral Responsibility” in these terms: “You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern. Since we so diligently urge people to obey the Supreme Court’s decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws. One may well ask: ‘How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?’ The answer lies in the fact that there are two types of laws: just and unjust. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that ‘an unjust law is no law at all.'” [7]

[  ] I Agree
[  ] I Do Not Agree

Are We More Than Like Minded?

“What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops.” — Jesus Christ (Matthew 10:27, KJV)


Start with zero “0” and for every time you checked “I Agree” add one (1) point toward your total score. If your total score is seven (7) then we are like minded. However, if after you have taken this test, with a total score of seven (7), and in a Christ-Centered effort, to end the moral evil of legalized abortion in America, you’re practicing your Biblically-Based values in the public square (Matthew 10:27) then we are more than like minded. We’re brothers. We’re family. So let’s work together in God’s Love, by God’s Grace, while giving God the Glory toEnd Abortion Now!”

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
1. The King Center, Programs and Services, Kinglan Principles of Nonviolence (http://bit.ly/PDhLx).
2. Ibid.
3. Samuel Johnson (English Poet, Critic and Writer, 1709-1784) and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Letter from Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963.
4. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., “Strength to Love”, 1963.
5. Martin Luther King, Jr., “The Other America”, Grosse Pointe High School — March 14, 1968.
6. QuotationsPage.com (http://bit.ly/cRyO0N).
7. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., “Letter from Birmingham Jail” dated April 16, 1963.

The “Baby Daddy” Study

In Abortion on April 11, 2011 at 12:25 am

The “Baby Daddy” Study 1

Reconceptualizing Family Instability to Include Measures of Childbearing: The Practical Value of Assessing Multiple Partner Fertility.” — Cassandra J. Dorius, University of Michigan

According to Cassandra Dorius, a Postdoctoral fellow at the University of Michigan’s Population Studies Center and Institute for Social Research, Black women were most likely to have a non-marital birth (62%) followed by Hispanics (32%) and then Whites (25%)2 Additionally, this study also reported that fifty-nine percent (59%) of African-American mothers, thirty-five percent (35%) of Hispanic mothers and twenty-two percent (22%) of white mothers reporting children with more than one father3 Dorius’ study, which was presented at the annual meeting of the Population Association of America (PAA) between 12:30 P.M. and 2:20 P.M., in the “Emerging Family Forms” session on Friday, April 1st, 2011, examined data from nearly 4,000 U.S. women who had been interviewed more than twenty (20) times over a twenty-seven (27) year period. This study goes on to reveal that one (1) in five (5) of all American moms have kids who have different birth fathers. Dorius describes this problem as “pervasive” 4 and that mothers with multiple fathers “are more likely to be under-employed, to have lower incomes, and to be less educated.” 5 Going deeper, Dorius says “certainly we know that women with higher education are delaying both marriage and childbearing for their careers.” 6 Dorius suspects that “women with lower expectations for education and career don’t see that they will be in a significantly different place in ten (10) years, so there’s no reason to wait to have kids.” 7 This is a very interesting study. Dorius’ scholarly work is in draft form and a part of an ongoing project associated with her dissertation. While the writing and core findings of this study were refined and updated prior to being publicly presented at the PAA conference, her work is not for general distribution.

The Population Association of America

“The birth control movement is the only active force in modern life devoted to the achievement of this objective [population control] on the basis of rational self direction, and its limited extension results in the disproportionate increase of those social groups who are least able to support large families in an adequate degree of comfort, and least likely to contribute to the upbuilding and advancement of society by unrestrained increments to the population.” — Henery Pratt Fairchild (August 18th, 1880 - October 2nd, 1956) 8

The Population Association of America is a nonprofit, scientific, professional organization established to promote the improvement, advancement and progress of the human race through research of problems related to human population. Conceived on December 15th, 1930 at a meeting in the office of Henry Pratt Fairchild at New York University, the PAA is a descendant of the American National Committee of the International Union for the Scientific Study of Population (IUSSP) which had been formed in 1927. Raymond Pearl of the Johns Hopkins University was the IUSSP’s first President. It is interesting to note that both Fairchild and Pearl were involved with the American Eugenics Society and with Planned Parenthood. From 1929-31 Fairchild was president of the American Eugenics Society, and from 1934-38, president of the Population Association of America. According to the American Sociological Association (ASA), “one of Fairchild’s most famous contributions was the development of the Planned Parenthood of America Federation, called the Birth Control Federation of America until 1942.” 9 Today Planned Parenthood, the largest abortion provider in the country, continues to promote and provide birth control with U.S. taxpayer dollars.

Seeing The Impact Of Premarital Sex

“There is none so blind as those who will not see?” — This is an old proverb attributed to the Englishman, John Heywood, in 1546 who, in my opinion, was paraphrasing Jeremiah 5:21, written over 1500 years earlier.

While I am appalled by the racist and eugenic past of Planned Parenthood, I am nevertheless overcome and overwhelmed with concerned for my brothers and sisters10 Regardless of whether Dorius’ dissertation is meritorious or malevolent. Regardless of Planned Parenthood’s maltheistic and misogynistic gospel, which purports that without their birth control services more women will get abortions, the numbers surrounding abortion in Black America reflect the reality that my people are dying11 Solomon says in Proverbs 29:18 (KJV): “Where there is no vision, the people perish: but he that keeps the law, happy is he.” As “Watchmen on the Wall,” do we really need a study assessing the futility of multiple partner fertility or to be reminded of the factual and well documented connection between the Population Association of America and the Planned Parenthood Federation of America, to open our eyes to the impact of premarital sex in our community? I hope not.

As we work together and without compromise, to end abortion, anywhere and everywhere it exists, let us at the same time re-double our commitment to abstinence education. After all, abstinence before marriage is the law of God and “he that keeps the law, happy is he.”

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
01. “‘Baby Daddy’ Study May Draw Unfair Spotlight To Black Women,” by Melanie Eversley, 12:30 PM on 04/01/201 (http://bit.ly/i2zzXF).
02. “Reconceptualizing Family Instability to Include Measures of Childbearing: The Practical Value of Assessing Multiple Partner Fertility,” By Cassandra J. Dorius, University of Michigan (http://bit.ly/e3cRoK)
03. “1 in 5 US moms have kids with multiple dads, study says,” By Linda Carroll, Msnbc.Com Contributor, Updated 4/1/2011 12:33:12 PM ET (http://bit.ly/eakrmb)
04. Ibid.
05. Ibid.
06. Ibid.
07. Ibid.
08. American Sociological Association, Presidents, Henry P. Fairchild (http://bit.ly/g33Yjx)
09. Ibid.
10. Note: According to Juan Williams, “Enough,” “The Phony Leaders, Dead-End Movements, and Culture of Failure That Are Undermining Black America — and What we Can do About it.” Copyright 2006, p. 216., “In thirty (30) years from 1950 to 1980, households headed by Black women who never married jumped from 3.8 per thousand to 69.7 per thousand. n 1940, seventy-five percent (75%) of Black children lived with both parents. By 1990 only thirty-three percent (33%) of Black children live with a mom and dad — ‘largely a result of marked increases in the number of never-married Black mothers.'”
11. Note: “Abortion rates continue to be highest for women who are: aged 20-24, cohabiting, poor, or non- Hispanic Black. These same groups also have higher rates of unintended births and, in turn, unintended pregnancy (Finer and Henshaw, 2006). The national decline in abortion was observed among most, but not all, groups of women. In particular, abortion rates for poor women, who now make up 42% of abortion patients, increased 18%.” Population Association of America 2011 Annual Meeting Program, Session 93: Abortion I, “Changes in U.S. Abortion Rates by Subgroup, 2000 and 2008”, By Rachel K. Jones, Guttmacher Institute and Megan L. Kavanaugh, Guttmacher Institute (http://bit.ly/g2krK8)

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

In Abortion on April 4, 2011 at 12:00 am

SPECIAL EDITION

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

“Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter.” — Martin Luther King Jr., (I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World, Special 75th Anniversary Edition.)

Martin Luther King, Jr.Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (January 15th, 1929 — April 4th, 1968) was an American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African American civil rights movement. In 1955 he led the Montgomery Bus Boycott. In 1957 he helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. In 1963 he led the March on Washington, where he delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech. In 1964, King became the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his work to end racial segregation and racial discrimination through nonviolent civil disobedience. On April 4th, 1968, he was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. In 1977 he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1986 the Martin Luther King, Jr. Day was established as a U.S. federal holiday and in 2004 Dr. King received the Congressional Gold Medal.

When we think of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., we often forget he was a Pro-Life Republican 1 and a Conservative Southern Baptist Preacher 2. As we honor his legacy, let us hear from Dr. King, the Pastor, in his own words, regarding: Parenting, Premarital Sex, Homosexuality and Abortion.

Below are some excerpts from Dr. King’s 1957-1958
monthly advice column for Ebony Magazine:
 3

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. On Parenting

“And these words which I command you today shall be in your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, when you walk by the way, when you lie down, and when you rise up. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.” — Deuteronom 6:6-9 (New King James Version)


“Train up a child in the way he should go: and when he is old, he will not depart from it.” — Proverbs 22:6 (New King James Version)

QUESTION: I was in a home the other day where a three (3) year old child read the riot act to his mother. The mother took it with a sheepish smile. This, I am told, is permissiveness. It seems to me that what modern children need is a large dose of parental permissiveness applied to their backsides. Do you agree?

MLK: It is quite true that many modern parents go too far in allowing their children to express themselves with hardly a modicum of discipline.  …  This almost “lunatic fringe” of modern child care has been responsible for most strange and fantastic methods of child rearing in many American homes.  …  The child must realize that there are rules of the game which he did not make and that he cannot break with impunity.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. On Premarital Sex

“Flee sexual immorality. Every sin that a man does is outside the body, but he who commits sexual immorality sins against his own body. Or do you not know that your body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you, whom you have from God, and you are not your own? For you were bought at a price; therefore glorify God in your body and in your spirit, which are God’s.” — 1st Corinthians 6:18-20 (New King James Version)


QUESTION: I was raised in a Christian environment. My father placed great stress on premarital virginity. I am 29. Of late, I have begun to doubt the validity of his teaching.  …  Is he right?

MLK: I think you should hold firm to the principle of premarital virginity. The problems created by premarital sex relationships are far greater than the problems created by premarital virginity. The suspicion, fears, and guilt feelings generated by premarital sex relations are contributing factors to the present breakdown of the family. Real men still respect purity and virginity within women. If a man breaks a relationship with you because you would not allow him to participate in the sexual act, you can be assured that he did not love you from the beginning.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. On Homosexuality

“You shall not lie with a male as with a woman. It is an abomination.” — Leviticus 18:22 (New King James Version)


“Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites, nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God. And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.” — 1st Corinthians 6:9-11 (New King James Version)


QUESTION: My problem is different from the ones most people have. I am a boy, but I feel about boys the way I ought to feel about girls. I don’t want my parents to know about me. What can I do?

MLK: Your problem is not at all an uncommon one. However, it does require careful attention. The type of feeling that you have toward boys is probably not an innate tendency, but something that has been culturally acquired.  …  You are already on the right road toward a solution, since you honestly recognize the problem and have a desire to solve it.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. On Abortion

“Before I formed you in the womb I knew you; Before you were born I sanctified you; I ordained you a prophet to the nations.” — Jeremiah 1:5 (New King James Version)


“The Negro cannot win … if he is willing to sell the future of his children for his personal and immediate comfort and safety.” — Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (“The Living King”, Ebony, Vol. 41, No. 3, January 1986, Page 63.)


QUESTION: About two years ago, I was going with a young lady who became pregnant. I refused to marry her. As a result, I was directly responsible for a crime. It was not until a month later that I realized the awful thing I had done. I begged her to forgive me, to come back, but she has not answered my letters. The thing stays on my mind. What can I do? I have prayed for forgiveness.

MLK: You have made a mistake.  …  One can never rectify a mistake until he admits that a mistake has been made. Now that you have prayed for forgiveness and acknowledged your mistake, you must turn your vision to the future.  …  Now that you have repented, don’t concentrate on what you failed to do in the past, but what you are determined to do in the future.


We Will Not Forget

“The church must be reminded that it is not the master or the servant of the state, but rather the conscience of the state. It must be the guide and the critic of the state, and never its tool. If the church does not recapture its prophetic zeal, it will become an irrelevant social club without moral or spiritual authority.” — Martin Luther King, Jr., (“Strength to Love,” Published in 1963.)


As constant as the northern star, Dr. King’s life and legacy point us towards righteousness. We will not forget the biblical values he stood for, fought for and died for. As he stood in the gap between promise and reality, fighting for life and liberty, today the Black Pro-Life Coalition 4 too stands in the gap between life and death, fighting for the life and liberty of pre-born children, fighting to end abortion by restoring a Culture of Life and the Foundation of Family in the Black community.

Personally, From Me To You

“When our days become dreary with low hovering clouds of despair, and when our nights become darker than a thousand midnights, let us remember that there is a creative force in this universe, working to pull down the gigantic mountains of evil, a power that is able to make a way out of no way and transform dark yesterdays into bright tomorrows. Let us realize the arc of the moral universe is long but it bends toward justice.” — Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Where Do We Go From Here?, 1967.

Grosse Pointe High School TicketDr. Martin Luther King Jr., I.D. Card

My MLK Favvorite Quote: “Ultimately, a genuine leader is not a succor for consensus but a molder of consensus. And on some positions cowardice ask the question is it safe? Expediency asks the question is it politics? Vanity asks the question is it popular? The conscience asks the question is it right? And there comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe nor politics nor popular but he must do it because conscience tells him it is right.” — Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., from his Grosse Pointe High School speech 5 made twenty-four (24) minutes from my home in Detroit, Michigan at 8:00 P.M. (EDT) on Thursday, March 14th, 1968. Three (3) weeks later King wold be gunned down while relaxing on the balcony of a Memphis, Tennessee motel.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

Dr. King, personally, I have benefited from your work, I have been moved by your words, I have been strengthened by your death, I am in your debt of love, 6 I will never quit, “I ain’t gonna let nobody turn me round,” 7 I will believe in the impossible, I “realize the arc of the moral universe is long but it bends toward justice,” I see the value of “redemptive suffering” and I embrace the principles of nonviolent direct action8 I will “trust in the LORD with all [my] heart; and lean not to my own understanding.” 9 I know “from whence cometh my help.” 10 I will “visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction,” 11 I will fight for those who cannot fight for themselves, I will speak for those who have no voice, I will “keep [myself] unspotted from the world,” 12 and I will never, ever forget.

Brothers, we really need to talk.

Reference(s):
01. “MLK Was a Republican”, Alveda King, niece of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. tells how her uncle and family were and still are republicans (http://bit.ly/huzTpI).
02. The Dexter Avenue King Memorial Baptist Church (http://bit.ly/f1UwKJ)
03. Sharman, J. Michael, Editorial Columnist for the Culpeper Star-Exponent (http://bit.ly/gACqtN).
04. National Black Pro-Life Coalition (http://bit.ly/eGX9ks)
05. Grosse Pointe Historical Society, Dr. Martin Luther King, Grosse Pointe High School Speech (http://bit.ly/gwTBMj)
06. Romans 13:8, King James Version (http://bit.ly/glpaF0)
07. This was an important song during The Civil Rights Movement in the Southern U.S.A. during the 1950’s and 1960’s (http://bit.ly/exeCkx)
08. The King Center’s Glossary of Nonviolence, (http://bit.ly/hnSklH)
09. Proverbs 3:5,6, King James Version (http://bit.ly/gq2re9)
10. Psalm 121:1,2, King James Version (http://bit.ly/dNOwx0)
11. James 1:27, King James Version (http://bit.ly/hQQo37)
12. Ibid.